PDF Version of this document Search Help Glossary

Lesson Navigation IconDBS: Concepts and Architectures

Unit Navigation IconDB-Models, Schemes and Instances

Unit Navigation IconDBMS-Architecture

LO Navigation Icon3-Schemes Architecture

LO Navigation IconData Independence

Unit Navigation IconLanguages and Interfaces

Unit Navigation IconTasks

Unit Navigation IconExercise Data Independence

Unit Navigation IconSummary

Unit Navigation IconRecommended Reading

Unit Navigation IconGlossary

Unit Navigation IconBibliography

Unit Navigation IconMetadata

GITTA/CartouCHe news:

Go to previous page Go to next page

Three-Schemes Architecture

Knowing about the conceptual and the derived logical scheme (discussed in unit Database Models, Schemes and Instances this unit explains two additional schemes - the external scheme and the internal scheme - which help to understand the DBMS architecture.

External Scheme:
An external data scheme describes the information about the user view of specific users (single users and user groups) and the specific methods and constraints connected with this information. (Translated) (ZEHNDER 1998)
Internal Scheme:
The internal data scheme describes the content of the data and the required service functionality which is used for the operation of the DBMS. (Translated) (ZEHNDER 1998)
Therefore, the internal scheme describes the data from a view very close to the computer or system in general. It completes the logical scheme with data technical aspects like storage methods or help functions for more efficiency.
Three-Schemes ArchitectureThree-Schemes Architecture

The right hand side of the representation above is also called the three-schemes architecture: internal, logical and external scheme.
While the internal scheme describes the physical grouping of the data and the use of the storage space, the logical scheme (derived from the conceptual scheme) describes the basic construction of the data structure. The external scheme of a specific application, generally, only highlights that part of the logical scheme which is relevant for its application. Therefore, a database has exactly one internal and one logical scheme but may have several external schemes for several applications using this database.

The aim of the three-schemes architecture is the separation of the user applications from the physical database, the stored data. Physically the data is only existent on the internal level while other forms of representation are calculated or derived respectively if needed. The DBMS has the task to realise this representation between each of these levels.

Top Go to previous page Go to next page